Although the basic definition of a bachelor degree is relatively set, there are plenty of variations and exceptions to the rule. For example, there are some cases in which a bachelor degree denotes a post graduate degree. In most of Europe however, the adaptation of the Bologna Convention means that bachelor degrees generally conform to a standard of three or four years of study within a chosen field. Students studying for a career in tourism, hotel management, or hospitality often study in countries other than their own. It's important for tourism students to research whether there are any bachelor degree variations in the schools of their chosen country of study.
Honours Degrees in Tourism
A further variation of the bachelor degree is the honours degree. This is usually awarded for a higher academic standard and in some cases, such as Scotland, an extra year of study. Honours degrees are awarded in countries with a system based on the new English system, such as the United States, Scotland, Canada and Australia to name a few.
Many variations also exist within the honours degree. In the United States there are several different levels of the honours degree depending on your level of performance. At many Scottish Universities however, the extra year of the honours degree results in a Master of Arts or a Bachelor of Science depending on your area of study and often includes a dissertation of some kind. In tourism education, students might specialise in particular areas of study in order to earn an honour degree. Examples include Restaurant Management, Global Tourism, Event Management or Lodging Operations.
Differentiation within the Bachelor Degree in Tourism
Different bachelor degrees are awarded for different areas of study. The most common denominations are BA and BS or BSc, which denote a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science respectively. Other areas with their own denotations are the Bachelor of commerce (BComm) (for example: a BComm in Tourism Marketing), and Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc). These are only a few of the variant that tourism students may encounter, depending on where and what you wish to study.
Tourism Bachelor Degree Entrance Requirements
Tourism students generally need to have completed secondary school at a level equivalent to that offered in the country where you wish to study in order to qualify for a bachelor degree in tourism, hospitality or hotel management. Students who qualify for undergraduate university study in their home country most often qualify for the same courses abroad. In some cases students may need to do an extra preparatory year due to certain special requirements within language, culinary or management studies.
Applying to bachelor degrees is different depending on the location. In many countries, such applications are handled by a centralised agency such as UCAS in the UK or VHS in Sweden. Otherwise applications for education at bachelor degree level are handled by each institution individually.